Small Business Retirement Account Options.
Small Business Retirement Account Options.

As a small business owner, planning for retirement is a crucial step in securing your financial future. One of the most effective ways to achieve this is by setting up a small business retirement account tailored to meet the specific needs of your business. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the world of small business retirement accounts, exploring the various options available to help you make an informed decision and optimize your retirement savings.

Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) IRA Small Business Retirement Account

The Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) IRA is a popular retirement account choice for small business owners. It allows employers to contribute to their employees’ retirement savings as well as their own. SEP IRAs offer numerous benefits, including tax-deductible contributions, flexibility in contribution amounts, and relatively easy administration.

With a SEP IRA, employers can contribute up to 25% of each employee’s compensation, or a maximum of $66,000 (2023 limit) per year. The contributions are tax-deductible for the employer and tax-deferred for the employees until withdrawal. This makes SEP IRAs an attractive option for small businesses looking to provide retirement benefits while enjoying tax advantages.

Individual 401(k)

Designed for self-employed individuals or small business owners with no employees, the Individual 401(k) plan offers generous contribution limits and flexibility. This retirement account allows you to make both employee and employer contributions, maximizing your savings potential. The Solo 401(k) also provides options for Roth contributions, which can offer tax advantages in retirement.

As a business owner, you can contribute up to $66,000 (2023 limit) in total to an Individual 401(k), including both salary deferral and profit-sharing contributions. This makes it an ideal option if you have substantial self-employment income and want to contribute a significant portion of your earnings towards retirement.

SIMPLE IRA Small Business Retirement Account

The Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees (SIMPLE) IRA is an excellent retirement account option for small businesses with fewer than 100 employees. It provides a straightforward and cost-effective way for both employers and employees to save for retirement. The SIMPLE IRA allows for tax-deductible employer contributions and offers employees the opportunity to make salary deferral contributions.

With a SIMPLE IRA, employers can choose between two contribution options: either a matching contribution of up to 3% of an employee’s compensation or a non-elective contribution of 2% of each eligible employee’s compensation. Additionally, employees can contribute up to $15,500 (for 2023) of their salary on a tax-deferred basis. This flexibility and simplicity make SIMPLE IRAs an attractive choice for small businesses.

Defined Benefit Plans

While less common for small businesses, defined benefit plans are worth considering if you’re seeking substantial retirement savings. Unlike other retirement accounts, defined benefit plans guarantee a specific retirement benefit based on factors such as salary history and years of service. These plans require actuarial calculations and ongoing administration but can provide a more significant retirement income for business owners who have higher earnings.

Defined benefit plans are particularly advantageous for business owners with a high income and a desire to contribute significant amounts to their retirement savings. Contributions are based on actuarial calculations and can be much higher than those allowed in other retirement accounts. However, the administration and compliance requirements of these plans are more complex and costly, making them better suited for larger small businesses.

Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs)

Traditional and Roth IRAs are available to individuals, including small business owners, regardless of whether they have employees. IRAs offer tax advantages and flexibility in investment choices. Traditional IRAs provide tax-deductible contributions and tax-deferred growth, while Roth IRAs offer tax-free withdrawals in retirement, provided certain conditions are met.

Both Traditional and Roth IRAs have contribution limits of $6,500 (2023 limit), or $7,500 for individuals aged 50 and older. These accounts are beneficial for small business owners who want to supplement their retirement savings or do not have employees to provide retirement benefits. They offer a wide range of investment options, allowing you to tailor your portfolio to your risk tolerance and financial goals.

Click here to learn more about Individual Retirement Accounts.


Choosing the right small business retirement account is crucial for securing your financial future. Each option mentioned in this comprehensive guide has its advantages and considerations, so it’s essential to evaluate your business’s specific needs, employee structure, and long-term retirement goals. Consult with a financial advisor or retirement specialist to assess the best retirement account option for your small business. By taking proactive steps to establish and optimize your retirement savings, you can ensure a comfortable and prosperous retirement.

To learn more about your options with a Small Business Retirement Account please click here for more information.

IntelliVest Wealth Management is a Registered Investment Advisor Headquartered in South Carolina. This is not Financial Advice. Please reach out to us directly to discuss your personal financial situation.